Michael E. “Mike” Pafford has 45 years of technical and managerial experience in analyzing, designing, architecting, developing, testing, operating, and managing complex tasking, collection, processing, exploitation, analysis, dissemination, and reporting systems for the intelligence community. He received his BS in Business and Management from the University of Maryland University College (UMUC) while serving in the U.S. Air Force world-wide. He received his MS in Computer Systems Management from the Naval Postgraduate School while serving as a U.S. Navy Cryptologic Officer. As a senior staff member at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) he served as Lead Systems Engineer and Project Manager on applied research projects for multiple U.S. Government and Congressional sponsors. Since the Fall 2008 semester, he has designed, developed, and taught the “Software Systems Engineering” course as an Instructor in the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) Engineering for Professionals (EP) Masters in Systems Engineering curriculum. Leveraging his many years of systems and software systems engineering academic and work experience, he has designed, developed, and facilitated several half-day and day-long educational workshops for professional Systems Engineers, Software Engineers, and Project/Program Managers on using Lean Methods to collaboratively develop an initial Product Backlog Item (PBI) set of prioritized work items, as a critical stage in Agile (Scrum) Project Planning. Mike has been an active member of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) since 1998. He is President-Elect for the more than 300-member INCOSE Chesapeake Chapter. Since its inception in 2000, he has also served as Co-Chairman of the INCOSE Object-Oriented Systems Engineering Method (OOSEM) Working Group. He received the INCOSE Chesapeake Chapter “Systems Engineer of the Year” Award in 2011.